How to Make Succulent Pumpkin Arrangement for Halloween

Halloween is fast approaching, and one way to spice it up is by combining succulent plants with the traditional decors for the occasion. One of the most popular Halloween setups is the succulent pumpkin arrangement.

The succulent pumpkin arrangement is easy to do, and you don’t have to worry about discarding or changing it after Halloween because it can be used all year round. It’s also a nice gift for your succulent-loving friends or relatives. In addition, the whole process does not require you to cut or glue any of your beloved plants, which may risk damaging them.

Materials that You Need for Your Project

The things you need can be easily found at home or bought online. With that, prepare the following things for your project:

  • Craft pumpkin
  • Orange creamsicle color palette paint
  • 4-inch succulent pot with drainage
  • Pen or any marker
  • Serrated knife
  • Spoon
  • Garden soil
  • Spanish moss
  • Any succulent plant

Making and Assembling the Succulent Pumpkin Arrangement

The first thing you need is a craft pumpkin. We prefer the faux pumpkin over the organic ones because it can last a lot longer than a regular pumpkin. Real pumpkins can only last for days before wilting or showing signs of decay. Color the craft pumpkin with orange paint, and let it dry for few hours.

While waiting for the paint to dry, get the succulent that you want to include in your arrangement. Carefully remove the plant down to the roots, and do not to damage any of its parts. We recommend using a variety of succulents for better visuals.

Once the paint has dried up, turn the succulent pot upside down and place its brim over the top center of the painted craft pumpkin. Draw a circular mark using the rim of the container as your trace.

Next, use the serrated knife to cut around the circle you just drew. If the craft pumpkin you have is not the hollow kind or the solid foam type, you will have to dig into the center and remove its contents using a spoon until the succulent pot can fit snuggly in it. This can be a messy process so keep your vacuum cleaner on the side so you can gather the clutter easily.

After that, fill the pot with loose garden soil. Organize and plant the succulents that you want to have in your arrangement. Surround the plant with Spanish moss to achieve your desired rustic effect.

Lastly, place the potted succulent on the hollow part of the craft pumpkin to complete your project.


Don’t forget to water the succulent plant when you notice that the soil around it has already dried up, and place it in an area that gets at least six hours of sunlight to retain its fresh appearance. Fertilize it as well to keep it healthy.

Before watering though, remove the potted succulent from the craft pumpkin. Then let the liquid completely drain upon watering to prevent excess water from stagnating in the pot, and to prevent damaging the craft pumpkin with water.

How to Grow Aloe Vera Succulent Plants

Aloe barbadensis, commonly known as Medicine Plant, Aloe vera, or simply Aloe, is one of the most popular succulent plants in the world. Aside from its beauty, it is known for its agricultural and medicinal uses as one of its names implies.

Like any other succulents, Aloe vera is very resilient that’s why it is very easy to propagate and maintain given the right conditions. We highly recommend that you tick this in your succulents home starter kit checklist.


Aloe vera grows up to two to three feet tall and it can get wide upon its maturity. Its leaves are green, thick and moist due to their high water content. The plant also grows bright yellow flowers during spring, and they can last until summer.

Aloe can be partnered with just about any ordinary household plants or succulents. It serves as a nice companion to other green fleshy succulents such as the Jade Plant, Mini Pine Tree, and Burro’s Tail if you want a more greenish and refreshing visual in your home garden or room. You can even match it with succulent plants in varying colors like the Crown of Thorns, Christmas Cactus, Woolly Senecio, and others.

Ideal Location for Growth

Aloe vera is native in the Arabian Peninsula. The ideal temperature where it can thrive is between 55 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit, but over the years it has been proven to survive in climates that go as low as 30 degrees Fahrenheit.

The plant can be grown both outdoors and indoors. Since it needs plenty of sunlight to survive, it is best to place it in a southern-facing window when planted inside the home.

How to Propagate Using Offsets or Cuttings

First, prepare a succulent pot for your Aloe Vera. Make sure that it has drainage holes to prevent excess water from accumulating at the bottom of the container. Fill it with a combination of loose garden soil and building sand, or better, use a potting mix. The soil should be filled up to a centimeter below the top section of the pot.

Then, take an offset of Aloe Vera for propagation. An offset is a result of the mature plant’s asexual reproduction. It is a small, complete daughter plant with its own roots, stem, and leaves. Carefully separate the offset from the mother plant. While you’re at it, take this chance to clip off the dried roots or leaves of the plant.

Poke a hole in the soil and insert the offset in it. The soil should be enough to cover the roots and the bottom part of the stem. Gently press down the soil around the plant to make its base firm, and so it won’t topple as it grows.

Alternatively, you can propagate Aloe Vera from its cuttings. Using a clean knife or a pair pruning shears, cut a healthy part of the plant down to its stem, and leave the cutting to dry.

After a week, it is recommended that you use a rooting hormone or honey as antiseptic to prevent the flesh wound of the succulent from getting infections and to stimulate the growth of roots before putting it in the pot filled with soil.


We highly suggest using fertilizer at least once a year during the spring to promote the healthy growth of your new Aloe Vera plant. Water it only when the soil around it dries. Overwatering can result in wilting or rotting, so avoid this common mistake committed by Aloe Vera owners.

How to Propagate and Maintain the Mini Pine Tree

The Crassula tetragona, also known as Mini Pine Tree, may not be as striking as other succulents in its infancy. However, once it grows, it provides a nice addition or variety in your collection or garden. The plant is among the easiest to propagate, and it is very resilient.


The Crassula tetragona is a shrub type succulent plant with spiky leaves that curl upwards. Its leaves are bright green with contrasting white bloom. As its commonly known name implies, it mainly resembles a pine tree.

The Mini Pine Tree is an ideal partner to other dwarf shrub succulents. You can match it with plants in the Senecio genus like the Woolly Senecio. It is a nice companion to your Christmas tree during the Yuletide season too. It can stand on its own in any corner of your house or garden as well. The plant’s vibrant green overall color surely provides a refreshing visual to any area.

The miniature pine tree-looking succulent can reach up to three to four feet in height. As it matures, its stem gets thicker and sturdier. Its bark starts to have a more wooden look during aging.

Ideal Environment

The plant is native in the Southern African region so it naturally thrives in hot climates. However, it can still survive in environments along the 30-degree Fahrenheit mark. It can even survive in a freezing climate under the conditions that we will discuss going forward.

Like other succulents, a Mini Pine Tree that’s already acclimated in the North American region should get adequate sunlight but not in direct exposure to it. If used as an indoor plant in the US, make sure to position it near a window that is oriented on the south for it to get at least a few hours of sunlight. The best time to propagate it is during the spring or summer.


The Mini Pine Tree can be propagated through its stem. Start by getting a pair of sharp and sterilized shears. Cut the stem cleanly, wash it gently in running water, and set aside the cutting to callus over.

Since the stems of the plant are very thin, it does not take that long for them to dry. You can use a rooting hormone to stimulate the growth of new roots from the node, but this is an optional step, and can be skipped if you prefer a chemical-free growth for your succulents.

Meanwhile, get some loose garden soil and fill your succulent plant pot or tray with it. Your chosen container should have small holes near the base to prevent overwatering the plant and prevent the stagnation of excess water in its base.

Once the Mini Pine Tree cutting’s flesh wound has already healed and dried up, simply stick it in the container that you prepared. For the meantime, don’t put it under direct sunlight until more roots start sprouting as the plant is very sensitive at this point. Sprinkle some water when the succulent starts getting very dry. The succulent should be completely rooted in four to six weeks.

During the cold season or winter, remember to transfer your succulent plant indoors. If it cannot get at least four hours of sunlight or if the lighting conditions are poor in your area, consider using grow lights for it.

Watch out for any sign of withering or drying in your Mini Pine Tree, and apply the necessary remedies if the situation calls for it.

How to Grow Woolly Senecio Succulent Plants

The Senecio haworthii succulent plant is more popularly known as the Woolly Senecio. It is a succulent dwarf shrub that usually grows in South Africa. But do you know that you can propagate one in your home garden?


The Woolly Senecio can grow up to 12 inches tall and 24 inches wide. Its white stem and leaves are felted or hairy in texture—thus, its name. Each leaf also resembles a cocoon.

The Woolly Senecio blends well with other succulents and non-succulent houseplants. However, it is a more ideal partner to other shrub Senecio types like the Senecio barbertonicus, Senecio cephalphorus, Senecio crassissimus, and Senecio decaryi. You can pair it with pale-looking succulents too like the Senecio scaposus (Silver Coral) or Senecio scaposus var addoensis.

The Senecio scaposus can be easily mistaken as the Woolly Senecio because of its white fibrous texture. However, the Silver Coral has an outer layer that appears to peel away.

Another plant that can be confused with the Woolly Senecio is the Senecio scaposus var addoensis. Both have white hairy textures but the latter has flat leaves compared to the fingerlike-leaves of the other.

Ideal Environment

As mentioned earlier, the Woolly Senecio is native in South Africa, which means that it thrives in a hot climate. Despite its natural habitat, it is a very resilient plant that can withstand temperatures colder than 30 degrees Fahrenheit in certain conditions.

To make it survive in a below 30-degree climate, it should be placed in a succulent container and transferred indoor. The location should get adequate sunlight during the day. Since the USA is in the Northern Hemisphere of the globe, the plant should be on a surface near a southern-facing window to get as much sun as possible.


The Woolly Senecio can be propagated through its leaves or stem. If propagating from a leaf, start by pulling and twisting gently a leaf of the plant. Make sure that all parts of the leaf are acquired. Next, allow it to dry or callus over for a day or two. After that, plant it in loose and well-draining garden soil. See to it that the tray or pot has small holes to drain the excess water from the soil.

The same process should be applied when propagating from the stem. Instead of pulling, cut the stem cleanly using sterilized shears to avoid bacteria from accumulating at the exposed flesh of the plant.

To care for your plant, only water it when the soil has completely dried up. Wait for a few days to pass in between watering. Let it get at least six hours of sunlight as well.


The Woolly Senecio is called “Tontelbos” in the Afrikaans language. The name means “tinderbush” because the hairy coating of the succulent’s leaves is used by the natives of South Africa for starting fires. Therefore, be careful not to put it in places where it can quickly catch fire like in the kitchen. As always, keep it away from the reach of your pets and children.

A Look at the Numerous Benefits of Having a Snake Plant

The snake plant or the Dracaena trifasciata is known for its many names. It is also commonly referred to as mother-in-law’s tongue, Saint George’s sword, or viper’s bowstring hemp because of the serpentine, long, and sharp shape of its leaves. This succulent plant is popular in Asian households because of its association with good luck in Feng shui in addition to its beauty, health benefits, and easy maintenance.

Lucky Charm

The snake plant is well-known in the field of Feng shui. Depending on its orientation at home, it can either bring good or bad luck according to the practitioners of this art. Based on their beliefs, it is generally considered to bring in negative energy because of its connection with the serpent, which is a representation of evil in many mythologies and legends, and snakes are seen to possess aggressive energy.

The snake plant can be used to harness positive vibes by channeling its aggressive energy in places that are not highly-trafficked. The skyward direction of its leaves reflects a rising chi. As a side note for those unfamiliar with the term, “chi” is defined as vital energy that gives life to the body. Furthermore, the sharp form of the succulent’s leaves is viewed as a sword that slices through negative or nonflowing energy.

The Chinese relate the snake plant to the eight virtues of their gods too. These virtues are beauty, long life, prosperity, intelligence, health, strength, art, and poetry. As a result, some people place it close to the entrance of their homes to attract the mentioned factors inside. Due to the association of the houseplant to the wood element, Feng shui believers recommend placing it in the eastern, southeastern, or southern corners of the house.

Adds Appeal to Every Corner

The rich green color of the snake plant’s foliage provides a refreshing ambiance to every home or office. This delivers a contrasting accent to a rather bare corner of any place.

Studies found that looking at nature help uplift a person’s mood. In turn, it results in happiness, which helps in relaxation and healing. As mentioned in our earlier article, plants help increase focus and productivity by 15 percent.

Improves Health

Plants help eliminate toxins in the air. A NASA research discovered that they purify the air to up to 87 percent in a day. The water that they emit in the atmosphere, which can go up to 10 percent, help in improving humidity in any room as well. Thus, the added moisture help remove impurities in the air, which are causes of allergies, and they help combat the prevalence of certain illnesses like dry cough, tonsillitis, and dryness of the skin.

Normally, plants take in carbon dioxide and release oxygen during the day. The process is reversed in the evening though due to the absence of photosynthesis. However, succulent plants are an exemption. Snake plants release oxygen all-throughout, regardless of the time of the day. Therefore, they are also ideal as bedroom plants.

Easy Maintenance

A snake plant can survive neglect. It can be maintained with little effort. All you have to do is leave it in a well-lit place within the day, although it can still live even in low-light conditions. Then, make sure to water it at least once every two to three weeks. Be careful not to overwater it so its leaves will not become soggy. Lastly, see to it that water will not accumulate and stagnate in its base. Choose only the right pot for succulents.

Why Succulent Plants are Good for Your Physical and Mental Health

As experts struggle to find a cure for the Covid-19 virus, we find ourselves grounded in our homes most of the time nowadays. As we crave for the things that we used to do before the pandemic, the isolation takes a toll on our physical wellbeing and mental health. One way to keep ourselves productive at home is by raising succulent plants.

Succulent plants brighten up the mood because of the beauty brought about by their fresh earthly colors and striking shapes. These certainly never fail to provide accents to the bland paint finish of any room, but there’s more to that than just being an aesthetic addition to any place.

Here are more advantages you can get from succulent plants in relation to your physical and mental health:

1. Better Mood, Focus and Productivity

The major health benefit provided by house plants is their ability to release oxygen and carbon dioxide. Aside from giving one of the basic elements needed to sustain life, they also remove harmful toxins in the air.

A National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) research found out that indoor plants can eliminate up to 87 percent of toxins in the air in only 24 hours. So with a fresher air in your lungs and without the inconvenience brought about by air pollutants, stress is reduced and focus is improved.

Furthermore, an NBC News article claims that house plants can increase concentration and productivity by up to 15 percent. This is the reason why it is highly recommended that you keep them in your workplace too.

2. Optimal and More Rejuvenating Sleep

In general, plants reverse the carbon dioxide and oxygen conversion process at night. As sunlight becomes unavailable during that period, photosynthesis stops. Therefore, they use up oxygen and release carbon dioxide. This is not the case with snake plants and other succulents though. This is what makes them ideal as bedroom plants and decors.

3. Prevents Diseases

It is hard to gamble with our health on the line these days, especially in these trying times brought about by the Coronavirus. The good news is that house plants like succulents help in preventing the spread or development of diseases, particularly in a closed environment.

Plants produce around 10 percent of the water in the atmosphere. With the better water content in an area, its humidity is improved. The balanced moisture in the air aid in preventing dry skin, dry cough, sore throat, and allergies. According to a study by the Agricultural University of Norway conducted years ago in a controlled environment, it was found out that the presence of plants in offices decreases sickness rates by about 60 percent.

Start Planting Succulents Now

In the long run, house plants can lead to a more relaxing and healthier home or office space. Its effects lead to a happier life as well.

The most ideal way to make your home greener is by planting succulents. Succulent plants offer a hassle-free way of gardening because they do not require so much watering, and they only need minimal maintenance.

Removing Mealybugs from a Succulent Plant

Pests can cause a lot of damage to your succulent plant. Mealybugs, in particular, are the most common insect infestation experienced by succulent growers. They do not only damage the plant, but they may also end up killing it if left unchecked. So if you start seeing them crawling in your beloved houseplant, better do something about it quick. Luckily, these are easy to terminate so you can restore the health of your succulents in no time.

Detecting Mealybugs

Mealybugs are unarmored scale insects that usually thrive in moist and warm habitats. Among their favorites are succulents because of their nutrient-rich composition. They live by sucking on the sap or juices of the plant.

These insects pose such a problem for succulent plant owners because they reproduce really fast. They can dwell not only on the exterior of the plant, but they can dig their way into the succulents’ flesh too. Aside from that, they can even hide beneath the soil, right into the roots of the plant.

Mealybugs are pale in color. The female species usually lack wings but have legs that allow them to move. The males are smaller but with wings, and they resemble a gnat. These features make them easy to spot in your succulent plant.

Dealing with Mealybugs

If you see them, simply wash them off with running water. If they are too attached to your succulents, get something to brush them off. It is recommended that you use a toothbrush with soft bristles for the job to avoid pricking the sensitive skin of your plant.

As mentioned, these insects can dig their way into the insides of the succulent plant and into its roots. Therefore, it is better if you examine the plant thoroughly. Look for small cuts or wounds on the exterior of the plant which the creatures may have used as access into the tissues. The parts where they are staying usually show signs of withering.

An easy fix would be to cut the infected part if it is just a leaf or it is located on the tip of your plant. However, if they have managed to go into the stem, that would be harder since you couldn’t just slice off the whole area. You may have to surgically remove the bugs using a scalpel, and then use a pressurized water spray to drive them out. Next, examine the roots by safely removing the succulent plant from the soil. Rinse them thoroughly with water.

As an added measure, it is strongly suggested that you wash the succulent plant pot with soapy water. After the container dries up, refill it with fresh garden soil as you replant the succulents. See to it that you dispose of the old soil properly to prevent the remnants of the bugs from coming back or from preying on the other plants in your household.

Using Pesticide

You can also use a systemic pesticide for an easier and more effective way of removing mealybugs. It should be noted though that because of the thick protective covering of succulents, you will have to use a high concentration of the agent. The oily residue of the solution may result in phototoxicity, which makes the plant very sensitive to sunlight.

Withered Succulent Plant

If the mealybugs have caused your succulent plant to wither, don’t worry because you can still salvage some of its healthy parts so you can propagate a new one. Simply follow the tips on propagating a succulent plant in our previous article.

However, if you want to save yourself from all that hassle, simply get our new Beautiful Assorted Variety Succulents Starter Kit to liven up your place again.

How to Revive a Dying Succulent Plant

Is your succulent plant showing signs of withering? Are the leaves already falling off or they are already looking dark or pale? Don’t worry, it may not be too late to save your beloved house plant.

Before going further down the line, let’s examine the things that usually cause your plant to die. The most common causes of a withering succulent are overwatering, under watering, lack of sunlight, extreme temperatures, diseases or pests.

Curing Dry Leaves

It’s normal for a succulent to shed its old leaves but if you notice that yours is already drying up or it’s pale in color, better act on it quickly. It is likely that the plant is lacking nutrients or there might be pest infestation somewhere like fungi or bugs.

If there are no signs of pests, safely trim the crisp and dried parts of the plant with a pair of clean pruning shears. Next, sprinkle some water into the succulent and apply a little amount of fertilizer into the soil. Position the plant in an area with enough sunlight, preferably by the window.

Taking Care of Soggy Leaves

A succulent plant that appears mushy or a yellowish with dark spots is probably overwatered. Check first if water has accumulated in the base of its container or if its soil is soggy.

If the soil in the plant container feels wet, remove the plant with care so that the roots will not be damaged. Empty all the soil from the pot too, and spread it under the sun. Meanwhile, prick the base of the container to create several holes that will serve as drainage for liquid.

Once the soil dries up, replant the succulent and place it in place with adequate sunlight. Wait for a few days until it gets its healthy glow back before watering it again. Watering a succulent plant should only be done twice a week and avoid pouring plenty of water into it. Spraying a little amount of it will do. 

Removing Disease or Pest Problem

Carefully remove the plant and all the soil from the pot. Be careful not to damage the succulent’s roots. Then rinse it with a strong gush of water. Make sure to let the water run on the infested or infected part until the source of the problem has been washed off.

If the running water fails to remove the pests, carefully scrape off the infestation and wash it again. Set it aside to dry. After that, disinfect the pot with hot water and soap. When both the plant and container have dried up, fill the pot with fresh garden soil and replant the succulent.

If All Else Fails

If your plant is already beyond saving or you simply want to ease up the process of growing another one, that’s a sign that you already have to buy a replacement for it. Check out the different variants of succulent plants here at Cal Farms so you can replenish your garden and all-natural house decors in no time at all.

How to Propagate String of Hearts Succulent Plants

The String of Hearts succulent makes an amazing gift on various occasions, including Valentine’s Day. The heart-shaped leaves of the plant are so adorable that they never fail to liven up any living space.

The String of Hearts is also known as Ceropegia woodii. Just like most succulents, this plant is really easy to grow and maintain as long as you follow the basic tips on how to care for it. In this post though, we will mainly focus on how you can propagate it.

Preparing the Materials

Before proceeding, make sure that you have the right equipment. All you need is a pair of sharp pruning shears for cutting a portion of the plant, a succulent plant pot with small holes at the bottom, water and garden soil.

Ideal Time for Propagation

The best times to plant or repot the String of Hearts are during the spring and late summer. For places with a temperate climate, the early fall should be your best bet. Avoid doing it during winter while the plant is in its dormant state.

Propagation Methods

There are three ways to propagate the String of Hearts. Each process is discussed here for your easy reference:

1. Water Propagation

The most popular and quickest way to propagate the String of Hearts is by using the water method. You start it by carefully cutting a part of the healthy vine that you want to root. Trim the branches of the bottom portion of the plant, and place the vine in a vase that’s partly filled with water. See to it that at least one node is dipped.

Position the String of Hearts in a bright and warm place, preferably at the window sill. Make sure though that the temperature is not too hot, or else, it will wilt.

When roots start growing from the nodes, that’s the sign that you can already transfer the succulent into a pot. The soil should be damp and it should be enough to cover the rooted part of the plant.

2. Soil Propagation

 The soil method is pretty straightforward. You begin by cutting a healthy vine with its branches trimmed. After that, stick the cutting into a pot with moist garden soil. The dirt should be enough to cover the node of the succulent.

Again, put the String of Hearts in a warm and lit part of the house. Slightly water it at least once a week so it won’t wither.

3. Tuber Propagation

Get the biggest tuber from the String of Hearts. The tuber should be at least as big as a fingernail. Fully cover it with soil in a separate container. Remember to follow the same environmental conditions stated in the abovementioned methods.

Instant Way to Get Succulents

If you haven’t got the time to grow, propagate or repot String of Hearts, another easy way to obtain succulents if by buying it from reliable shops online. These are starter kits that can help you begin your succulent garden journey from scratch or you can simply go all the way with the 64-piece pack with two of each variety of rosette succulents to complete your collection right away.

Top 5 Succulent Plant Gift Ideas For Valentine’s Day

Valentine’s Day is fast approaching. If you are already running out of unique gift ideas, and you think that regular flowers like roses and tulips are too mainstream nowadays, you might want to consider gifting your loved ones with succulent plant bouquets or rosettes in lovable pots this 14th.

Last year, we discussed the advantages of giving succulent plants instead of regular flowers on Valentine’s Day, so now, let’s talk about the succulent-themed gifts that you can give this time of the year.

1. String of Hearts

It’s the day of love, so one of the symbols you will most likely see this February 14 is hearts. As its name implies, this succulent plant resembles hearts that are naturally sewn together.

Also known as Ceropegia woodii, the plant has heart-shaped leaves in different hues of green and pink. It is actually a hanging houseplant so it has the tendency to crawl all over the place. It is better if you take cuttings of its vines and arrange them in a small pot if you are planning on gifting it so that it will appear presentable.

2. Moonstones Pachyphytum

This is one of the cutest succulents out there. It comes with chubby, pink-colored leaves. The leaves are arranged naturally to make the succulent resemble a flower. Between the winter and early spring, the plant also sprouts dark pink, bell-shaped flowers providing its added beauty.

3. Aeonium Mardi Gras

Named after the Carnival event, this rosette comes in vibrant color. Its leaves commonly come in red with contrasting yellow highlights as they get nearer the plant’s core. The color combination of the plant will surely help elevate the joyous mood of the occasion.

4. Echeveria Agavoides Lipstick

This is a nice alternative for tulips with sharp petals. The leaves of this succulent usually come in bright green with red tips. As an added flavor to its look, the plant grows pink to red bell-shaped flowers with yellow accents on their ends between spring and late summer.

5. Assorted Variety

If you want to go all out this Valentine’s and save yourself of all the trouble of repotting and arranging your succulent gift, why not just go for the Beautiful Assorted Variety Succulents?

The product comes with 64 decorative succulent plants with two of each kind. These are carefully packaged in two-inch nursery pots. Therefore, all you have to do is purchase it, wait for its delivery, and then present it to your loved ones.

This can be gifted to your partner, but since it comes with plenty of samples, you can also set aside some of the plants in the package for multiple recipients such as your family members, friends, neighbors or acquaintances.

Happy Valentine’s Day Everyone

There are many other succulents that have not made it on this list, but these tips should help you start when deciding what to give the people who mean a lot to you on this day of love. Have a great time, everyone!

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